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Practice Makes Perfect English Verbs Book

Practice Makes Perfect English Verbs Book

Product Summery


When you study English verbs, you must do more than search for their meanings in a dictionary.You must also learn how to conjugate them and use these conjugations appropriately. Most stu-dents begin their studies by memorizing verb forms. They learn both the verb endings for regular verbs and the more complicated forms of the irregular verbs. Practice Makes Perfect: English Verbs provides you with opportunities to practice conjugating more than three hundred verbs,both regular and irregular.
However, this text is more than a list of verb forms and mechanical exercises. It also presents the reasons for choosing one verb form over another. For example, you may know the dictionary meaning of walk, but to use this verb to refer to the future, you must understand your options;that is, you must understand the role of tense and aspect. To indicate future, you could  say I’ll walk to school today, I’m going to walk to school today, or I’m walking to school today, but not I walk to school today.
When most people think of tense, they think of time. While it is true that tense is sometimes related to present, past, and future time, this is not always the case. In the sentence My plane leaves  in twenty minutes, the simple present tense of the verb leave is used to refer to future time.As well as being marked for tense, verbs are marked for aspect. Aspect provides  information about whether an action, a state, or an event has been completed and how a verb is related to other verbs in a time sequence. I study English and I am studying English are both in  the present tense, but they differ in aspect. The verb in the first sentence refers to a habitual action; the verb in the second sentence refers to an action that is not yet completed. To indicate both  tense and aspect, study is said to be in the simple present and am studying is said to be in the present progressive. In the sentence I had been studying for the test when the phone rang,  there are two main verbs: study and ring. They are both in the past tense; however, they differ in aspect. Had been studying is the past perfect progressive, whereas rang is just the simple past.  The difference in aspect indicates that the action of studying was ongoing and prior to the action of ringing. Tense and aspect intersect in the following way. 
Tense/Aspect                                                               present                                                                                                         past                                                                            future
simple                                                                   simple present                                                                                               simple past                                                                  simple future
progressive                                                         present progressive                                                                                       past progressive                                                        future progressive
perfect                                                                 present perfect                                                                                                  past perfect                                                               future perfect
perfect progressive                                              present perfect                                                                                                  past perfect                                                               future perfect
progressive progressive progressive

The form and meaning of each of these tense-aspect combinations will be described in the units of this book. Although you will study all the tenses mentioned in traditional textbooks, you will also study the concept of aspect so that you will have a deeper understanding of the grammatical meaning conveyed by the form of a verb. Thus, as you work through the material in  Practice Makes Perfect: English Verbs, you will learn not only how to conjugate verbs but also why to use specific verb forms.


Any study of verbs would be incomplete without the inclusion of special types of verbs and complementation patterns. After you become familiar with verb conjugations, you will study phrasal verbs, modal verbs, and verb complementation (gerunds and infinitives).
This book focuses on the verbs most frequently used in English. It is appropriate for classroom use or individual study. If you are in a class, your teacher may choose to assign exercises to sup-plement your other coursework. If you are studying alone, you can use the Answer Key at the back of the book to check your work and decide whether you should review a chapter or go on to  the next.
There are six principal parts in this book:
PART I—THE PRESENT TENSE The five units in Part I will help you learn the verb forms that constitute four different tense-aspect combinations: simple present, present progressive, present perfect, and present perfect progressive. You will practice using these forms in positive statements, negative statements, and questions. You will also learn how to form contractions with  pronouns or the word not. A special section focuses on the verb be.

PART II—THE PAST TENSE The five units in Part II will help you learn four more tense-aspect combinations: simple past, past progressive, past perfect, and past perfect progressive. As in  Part I, you will practice using these tense-aspect combinations and their contracted forms in positive statements, negative statements, and questions. In this part also, there is a special section  focusing on the verb be.

PART III—THE FUTURE TENSE Part III differs from the others in that the modal will is introduced rather than verb endings. This part consists of five units: simple future, future progressive,  future perfect, future perfect progressive, and a unit on the use of be going to. You will practice using the future tense-aspect combinations and their contracted forms in positive statements,  negative statements, and questions.
PART IV—IMPERATIVE, PASSIVE, AND HYPOTHETICAL CONDITIONAL The three units in Part IV will help you learn to use verbs in special constructions not discussed earlier: imperative  (Be care-ful!), passive (The project was finished on time.), and hypothetical conditional (If I were you, I would accept the offer.).
PART V—PHRASAL VERBS AND MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS The English language is full of phrasal verbs, which are verb-particle combinations, such as run into in run into an old friend. In  the first unit of Part V, you will practice using some common phrasal verbs. The second unit of Part V focuses on modal auxiliary verbs. Although you will be introduced to modal verbs in Parts III and IV, you will learn more about the subtle shades of meaning that tense and aspect add to these verbs.

PART VI—GERUND AND INFINITIVE COMPLEMENTS Some verbs take gerunds, some take infinitive complements, and some take both. Part VI will help you learn to choose appropriate  verb complements.
Following these six parts are Review Exercises, twenty-five exercises that can reveal your overall comprehension. And new to this edition are complementary review quizzes in the McGraw-Hill Education Language Lab app.
Practice Makes Perfect: English Verbs ends with an appendix of irregular verb forms, followed by a glossary of grammatical terms.

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